Connected/Automated Vehicles

Status: Existing


Connected vehicle technology enables cars, trucks, buses, and other vehicles to "talk" to each other with in–vehicle or aftermarket devices that continuously share important safety and mobility information. Fully automated, autonomous, or "self–driving" vehicles are defined by the U.S. DOT's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) as "those in which operation of the vehicle occurs without direct driver input to control the steering, acceleration, and braking and are designed so that the driver is not expected to constantly monitor the roadway while operating in self–driving mode."


StakeholderRoleRole Status

Physical Objects

Vehicle OBE
ITS Object

Functional Objects

Functional ObjectDescriptionUser Defined
ITS Communications Support'ITS Communications Support' provides means to send and receive messages to and from other ITS Objects. It provides mechanisms for scheduling and prioritizing communications traffic. It may also provide relay functions.False
ITS Management Support'ITS Management Support' provides management of the ITS Object. This includes management of regulatory information and policies, management of application processes, management of communication system configuration and update management, communications interfaces, protocol–specific techniques to ensure interoperability such as service advertisements, communications congestion management and interference management, local device states and communications information, billing management, fault management, service level and performance monitoring.False
ITS Security Support'ITS Security Support' provides communications and system security functions to the ITS Object, including privacy protection functions. It may include firewall, intrusion management, authentication, authorization, profile management, identity management, cryptographic key management. It may include a hardware security module and security management information base.False
Vehicle Cooperative Cruise Control'Vehicle Cooperative Cruise Control' uses V2V communications to share speeds and coordinate maneuvers with adjacent vehicles in the same lane (a CACC 'string'), maintaining vehicle speed and a safe gap with the predecessor vehicle. It provides the capability for vehicles to cluster into strings of CACC–equipped vehicles with compatible performance characteristics and share speed, location, acceleration/deceleration, path predictions (e.g., intended acceleration/deceleration) with other vehicles in the string. These capabilities are provided by systems on board the vehicle that coordinate with other vehicles and control acceleration and braking. In advanced implementations, the capability to coordinate with the infrastructure to support more advanced clustering strategies and use infrastructure provided target speed and traffic control information to improve performance.False
Vehicle Eco–Driving Assist'Vehicle Eco–Driving Assist' provides customized real–time driving advice to drivers, allowing them to adjust behaviors to save fuel and reduce emissions. This advice includes recommended driving speeds, optimal acceleration and deceleration profiles based on prevailing traffic conditions, and local interactions with nearby vehicles, i.e., processing Basic Safety Messages (BSMs) to determine position and speed of vehicles that are between the host vehicle and the intersection. When approaching and departing signalized intersections, it uses intersection geometry information, the relative position and speed of vehicles ahead of it, and signal phase movement information to provide speed advice to the driver so that the driver can adapt the vehicle's speed to pass the next traffic signal on green, decelerate to a stop in the most eco–friendly manner, or manage acceleration as the vehicle departs from a signalized intersection. It also provides feedback to drivers on their driving behavior to encourage them to drive in a more environmentally efficient manner. It may also support vehicle–assisted strategies, where the vehicle automatically implements the eco–driving strategy (e.g., changes gears, switches power sources, or reduces its speed in an eco–friendly manner as the vehicle approaches a traffic signal or queue).False
Vehicle Gap Assist'Vehicle Gap Assist' uses V2I communications to collect traffic gap information and associated alerts and warnings that are displayed to the driver who is navigating a stop–sign controlled intersection with a major road.False
Vehicle Interactive Traveler Information'Vehicle Interactive Traveler Information' provides drivers with personalized traveler information including traffic and road conditions, transit information, maintenance and construction information, multimodal information, event information, and weather information. The provided information is tailored based on driver requests. Both one–time requests for information and on–going information streams based on a submitted traveler profile and preferences are supported.False
Vehicle Intersection Warning'Vehicle Intersection Warning' uses V2V and V2I communications to monitor other connected vehicles at intersections and support the safe movement of the vehicle through the intersection. Driver warnings are provided and the application may also optionally take control of the vehicle to avoid collisions. The application will also notify the infrastructure and other vehicles if it detects an unsafe infringement on the intersection.False
Vehicle Location Determination'Vehicle Location Determination' receives current location of the vehicle and provides this information to vehicle applications that use the location information to provide ITS services.False
Vehicle Map Management'Vehicle Map Management' supports map updates and makes current map and geometry data available to other applications. It manages map data on–board and provides map data to end–user applications that provide location–based services.False
Vehicle Queue Warning'Vehicle Queue Warning' detects vehicle queues and reports queues to other vehicles using V2V communications and to the infrastructure using V2I communications. Vehicle–based queue warning builds on the exchange of vehicle location and motion and maneuvers that supports connected vehicle safety applications. This application also receives information about downstream queues using I2V communications. Individualized queue warnings and queue characteristics relevant to the vehicle are provided to the driver.False
Vehicle Rail Crossing Warning'Vehicle Rail Crossing Warning ' uses I2V communications to receive alerts of trains entering HRIs and to provide warnings to drivers regarding the trains. The warning can include second train warning (meaning the HRI gates are about to lower, or remain lowered due to the arrival of a second train). The application can also provide vehicle infringement warnings by using the alert information along with vehicle trajectory information to determine that the vehicle will infringe upon a crossing that is (or will be) occupied by a train.False
Vehicle Restricted Lanes ApplicationThe 'Vehicle Restricted Lanes Application' monitors and reports its own operating parameters and communicates with roadside equipment to safely enter, operate within, and exit eco–lanes and other controlled–access lanes.False
Vehicle Roadside Information Reception'Vehicle Roadside Information Reception' receives advisories, vehicle signage data, and other driver information and presents this information to the driver using in–vehicle equipment. Information presented may include fixed sign information, traffic control device status (e.g., signal phase and timing data), advisory and detour information, warnings of adverse road and weather conditions, travel times, and other driver information.False
Vehicle Safety Monitoring'Vehicle Safety Monitoring' monitors critical components of the vehicle and warns the driver of safety issues. These capabilities are provided by on–board sensors that monitor vehicle condition and performance, including steering, braking, acceleration, emissions, fuel economy, engine performance, etc.

This functional object can also monitor the driver's condition and warn the driver of potential safety issues. It includes sensors and behavior monitoring capabilities that assess the suitability of the driver (e.g., fitness and alertness) to assume or maintain manual control of the vehicle.
Vehicle Secure Area Access System'Vehicle Secure Area Access System' provides access to secure areas such as shipping yards, warehouses, airports, transit–only ramps, parking gates and other areas. It accepts inputs from the vehicle driver that include the necessary identity information and uses this information to generate the request to activate a barrier to gain access to the area.False
Vehicle Situation Data Monitoring'Vehicle Situation Data Monitoring' is the highest–level representation of the functionality required to collect traffic and environmental situation data by monitoring and storing the experience of the vehicle as it travels through the road network. Collected data is aggregated into snapshots that are reported when communications is available and with flow control based on parameters provided by the infrastructure. Note that this functional object supports collection of data for areas remote from RSEs or other communications infrastructure.False
Vehicle Speed Management Assist'Vehicle Speed Management Assist' assists the driver in operating the vehicle within the current speed limit. It monitors current vehicle speed and communicates with the infrastructure to receive current speed limits and associated road configuration change notifications. Driver warnings are issued when unsafe or excessive speeds are detected based on the provided speed limits and current conditions.False
Vehicle Support Services'Vehicle Support Services' provides foundational functions that support data collection, management, and distribution. It coordinates with Support subsystems to maintain necessary registrations with respect to location and scope.False
Vehicle Traveler Information Reception'Vehicle Traveler Information Reception' provides the capability for drivers to receive general transportation information including traffic and road conditions, traffic regulations, incident information, maintenance and construction information, event information, transit information, parking information, weather information, and broadcast alerts.False
Vehicle Trip Planning and Route Guidance'Vehicle Trip Planning and Route Guidance' includes the in–vehicle system that coordinates with a traveler information center to provide a personalized trip plan to the driver. The trip plan is calculated by the Transportation Information Center (TIC) based on preferences and constraints supplied by the driver and provided to the driver for confirmation. Reservations and advanced payment may also be processed to confirm the trip plan. Coordination with the TIC may continue during the trip so that the route plan can be modified to account for new information. Many equipment configurations are possible including in–vehicle systems that provide a basic trip plan to the driver as well as more sophisticated systems that can provide turn by turn guidance to the driver along the route.False

Physical Standards

Document NumberTitleDescription
ISO 21217Intelligent transport systems –– Communications access for land mobiles (CALM) –– ArchitectureISO 21217 describes the communications reference architecture of nodes called "ITS station units" designed for deployment in ITS communication networks. While it describes a number of ITS station elements, whether or not a particular element is implemented in an ITS station unit depends on the specific communication requirements of the implementation. It also describes the various communication modes for peer–to–peer communications over various networks between ITS communication nodes. These nodes may be ITS station units as described in the document or any other reachable nodes. ISO 21217 specifies the minimum set of normative requirements for a physical instantiation of the ITS station based on the principles of a bounded secured managed domain.
NIST FIPS PUB 140–2Security Requirements for Cryptographic ModulesThis Federal Information Processing Standard (140–2) specifies the security requirements that will be satisfied by a cryptographic module, providing four increasing, qualitative levels intended to cover a wide range of potential applications and environments. The areas covered, related to the secure design and implementation of a cryptographic module, include specification; ports and interfaces; roles, services, and authentication; finite state model; physical security; operational environment; cryptographic key management; electromagnetic interference/electromagnetic compatibility (EMI/EMC); self–tests; design assurance; and mitigation of other attacks.

Interfaces To

(View Context Diagram)

Akron–Canton Airport Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment
Akron–Canton Airport CV Service Monitoring Systems
Basic Vehicles
City of Akron Maintenance Vehicles
City of Barberton Maintenance Vehicles
City of Cuyahoga Falls Maintenance Vehicles
City of Green Maintenance Vehicles
City of Green Traffic Information Website
City of Hudson Maintenance Vehicles
City of Kent Maintenance Vehicles
City of Stow Maintenance Vehicles
City of Twinsburg Maintenance Vehicles
Commercial Vehicles
County and City Connected Vehicles Roadside Equipment
County and City CV Service Monitoring Systems
METRO RTA Equipment and Fleet Service Facilities
METRO RTA Fixed–Route Vehicles
METRO RTA Paratransit Vehicles
ODOT Connected Vehicles Roadside Equipment
ODOT District 4 Maintenance Vehicles
ODOT OHGO Traveler Information System
Ohio Certification System
Ohio Cooperative ITS Credentials Management System
Ohio CV Service Monitor System
Ohio Object Registration and Discovery System
Other City Traffic Information Websites
Other Municipalities Maintenance Vehicles
OTIC Connected Vehicles Roadside Equipment
OTIC CV Service Monitoring System
OTIC Maintenance and Construction Vehicles
OTIC Public Service Vehicles
OTIC Website
PARTA Equipment and Fleet Service Facilities
PARTA Fixed–Route Vehicles
PARTA Paratransit Vehicles
Portage County Maintenance Vehicles
Portage County Website
Private Companies Map Update Systems
Summit County Engineer Website
Summit County Maintenance Vehicles
University of Akron Roo Express Shuttle Service Vehicles